~ Print-Making Techniques ~

~Monotype~

A process where the artist paints or draws directly on a plate to make a unique impression. The design is then printed onto a sheet of paper. Once the image has been transferred from the plate to the paper, it can usually not be printed again.

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~Woodcut~

Woodcut is a relief method of printmaking. The artist cuts away the areas of wood that are not to be printed, leaving behind a raised image. This surface or relief image is inked and then printed.

Conversely, wood engraving is an intaglio process where the image to be printed is cut in the wood. In intaglio, the incised lines are filled with ink and printed.

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~Serigraph~

Seri - Latin for "silk"
Graphos - Greek for "to draw or write"

In serigraph, a screen of silk or synthetic is prepared where all areas other than the area to be printed is blocked out. Paper is then placed under the screen and ink forced through. A separate screen is used for each color. The term serigraph was originally adopted by the fine art world to differentiate screen prints created as artistic works from commercial printing products.

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~Intaglio~

Intaglio - derived from the Italian word intagliare - to cut into or carve

In the intaglio process, lines are cut into the surface of a flat plate. Ink is applied to the plate and the surface wiped clean, leaving ink only in the incised lines. A damp sheet of paper is placed over the plate, and "pulled" through an etching press. The pressure applied by the press pushes the paper into the inked incisions and transfers the image.

There are a large number of techniques that fall within the category of intaglio printing, such as engraving, aquatint, etching, drypoint, and collograph. These techniques all work on the same premise, but the type and application of materials used, as well as the resultant characteristics of the line produced differentiate them.

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